According to the position of centromere, Types of chromosomes based on function. A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carries heredity information and is formed from condensed chromatin.Chromatin is composed of DNA and proteins that are tightly packed together to form chromatin fibers. Properties of Chromosomes. They also don't have any genetic information. Condensed chromatin fibers form chromosomes. Karyotypes are pictures of chromosomes. For starters, notice that there are two copies of each chromosome. In plant and animal cells, it is found within the nucleus. There are two basic types based on function as. Like many species of animals and plants, humans are diploid (2n), meaning that most of their chromosomes come in matched sets known as homologous pairs. They prevent one chromosome from binding to another (DNA is sticky). Chromosomes are filamentous bodies which are typically present in the nucleus and become visible during cell division. Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes. In most organisms, one chromosome is inherited from the mother and the other is inherited from the father; to ensure that offspring carry traits from both parents. Chromosomes are located within the nucleus of our cells.They are paired … A karyotype, like this karyotype of a human, can teach us several things about chromosomes. Autosome; Sex chromosomes. Scientists have given this name chromosomes as they are stained using specific dyes, chroma means colour and soma means body. Humans, for instance, have 46 chromosomes in a typical body cell, while dogs have 78. Chromosome Structure and Function A chromosome is a structure that almost looks like thread. This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly packed with histone proteins to fit inside the cell and it also helps in giving more stability to it. Functions of chromosomes: DNA present on the chromosome not only carries most of the genetic information but also controls the hereditary transfer. Chromosomes are essential for the process of cell division, replication, division, and creation of daughter cells. It's crucial that certain cells, like reproductive cells, have the correct number of chromosomes in order to function properly. The short arm of the chromosome is labeled the “p arm.” The long arm of the chromosome is labeled the “q arm.” The location of the centromere on each chromosome gives the chromosome its characteristic shape, and can … Telomeres function to protect the ends of chromosomes. Functions 6. Halocentric chromosome: In these chromosomes, the entire length of acts as centromere. This comes in … They contain all hereditary information to determine a person's traits, ranging from hair color to height. Special Types. Chromosome cytoplasm and plasmid and its function with detail Chromosomes. 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